ICGC houses the University of Minnesota's graduate education and faculty research collaboration with the University of the Western Cape in South Africa. The initiative involves graduate student and faculty exchanges, co-taught courses between the campuses using web and ITV technologies, and has the goal of further developing other networks among institutions in the global south. The partnership is supported in part by funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the partner universities.
ICGC and the Centre for Humanities Research at UWC formalized a partnership in graduate education and faculty research through an MOU put in place during a visit to UWC by former Senior Vice President Robert Jones and ICGC Director Karen Brown, pictured here with UWC colleagues Rector Brian O’Connell; Deputy Vice Chancellor Academic Ramesh Bharuthram; Dean, Faculty of Arts Duncan Brown; and Deputy Dean, Faculty of Arts, and Former Director (and ICGC alumnus), Centre for Humanities Research Premesh Lalu.
Through the partnership between ICGC and the Centre for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape, our collaborative graduate education and faculty research initiative offers faculty and student exchanges; graduate student fellowships; and joint research projects, workshops, conferences and courses. Current activities include an ongoing faculty and doctoral fellow exchange program with faculty and students from each institution spending time conducting research and engaging with students and faculty on the partner campus.
Our work also focuses on teaching, the arts in an interdisciplinary context, and the support of exceptional and diverse graduate fellows and faculty. These activities support the objectives of both partner institutions to provide more pedagogical training and experience to graduate fellows and, at ICGC, to more fully integrate humanities and arts across its interdisciplinary curriculum.
Some examples of recent activities include: Arts and Social Justice and Global Apartheid course, talk by Ciraj, Patricia Hayes, Ross & Michelle, Ayanda.
UWC to UMN
Visiting Scholar from the University of the Western Cape
Tyrone is a doctoral student at the University of the Western Cape's Department of English and a fellow at the university's Centre for Humanities Research. His previous degrees include: * a Bachelor of Social Science, majoring in sociology and psychology, from the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban; * an Honours degree in sociology from the University of South Africa; and * a Master of Arts degree in history, politics and literature from the Institute of Commonwealth Studies and the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London.
He previously worked as a journalist on several daily and weekly newspapers as well as various monthly magazines in Johannesburg and Cape Town. His most recent position was editor of the Cape Town daily newspaper, the "Cape Times". He still writes a weekly column for the newspaper and is also currently a judge for the annual Standard Bank Sikuvile Journalism Awards, which recognizes distinguished journalism in the print media.
Brown , Duncan
Duncan Brown is the Dean of the Faculty of Arts at the University of the Western Cape.
Visiting Scholar from the University of the Western Cape
As a practicing artist and academic, Kurt is a multidisciplinarian. His artwork is represented in national and international collections. He has published on aspects of visual cultue, most recently in the European Journal of English Studies and Musiques et Cultures Digitales. His current research is based on the textual ideation of a blind Cape Town born boxing champion from the early 1900's. Kurt holds degrees from Stellenbosch University and the University of Cape Town. His PhD research is based at the Center for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape. www.kurt-campbell.com
Daki , Ncedile
Aidan Erasmus is currently pursuing a PhD in History and is based at the Department of History and the Centre for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape. His M.A. examined the permutations of race alongside the development of the local rock music scene in South Africa from the 1960s through to the present. Interested in questions of sound after apartheid, music and its repercussions, and postcolonial reverberations, his doctoral project seeks to think war through sound in an attempt to make war audible, and is concerned with the ways in which history might be thought of as resonant. He is also the host of a programme on South African music called ‘The Shortwave’ on the Wrong Rock Show on Bush Radio 89.5 FM, a local community radio station in Cape Town.
Geraldine is a practicing archivist at the UWC Robben Island Mayibuye Archives and doctoral fellow at the Centre for Humanities Research based at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), South Africa. For her Ph.D research she is exploring the biography and the history of the archive by focusing on the making of the International Defense and Aid Fund (IDAF) as an archival collection. She holds a Masters degree from UWC and a BA Honours degree from the University of Stellenbosch.
A scholar of African history, gender studies, and visuality, Patricia Hayes began research on photography and the question of history after completing her Ph.D. at Cambridge University. Supported by an innovative history department, research and teaching in visual history became established at the University of the Western Cape (UWC) from the late 1990s. Specific paradigms and postgraduate research associated with the Chair now include documentary photography; liberation struggles and the post-apartheid; digital photography in the postcolony; and photography and historical method.
Patricia Hayes has edited several journal special issues on visuality and gender including Gender & History (2006) and Kronos (2000). She co-authored Bush of Ghosts: Life & War in Namibia (Umuzi, 2010) with photographer John Liebenberg, and has published articles on several South African and Mozambican photographers. Her work appears in Okwui Enwezor’s The Rise and Fall of Apartheid (International Centre for Photography, 2012), Crais and McLendon’s The South African Reader (Duke, 2014), and Mofokeng’s Chasing Shadows (Prestel, 2011). Recent critical historical articles on photography and the making of publics have appeared in Cultural Critique (Issue 89, 2015), Sanil V & Divya Dwivedi’s The Public Sphere from Outside the West (Bloomsbury, 2015), and the 2017 special issue on the 1980s of the journal Photographies. Hayes is also series co-editor of the new Photography, History: History, Photography series at Bloomsbury Academic publishers.
Patricia Hayes was educated in Zimbabwe. She gained her BA (Hons) in Modern History & Modern Languages from Oxford University (UK), a Postgraduate Certificate of Education (PGCE) from the University of Zimbabwe, and completed her PhD on the history of the colonization of northern Namibia at Cambridge University in 1992.
As a postdoctoral Junior Research Fellow at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge (1993–5), Hayes began work on two collaborative research projects on Namibia supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities (USA), resulting in Namibia Under South African Rule (James Currey, 1998) and The Colonising Camera (Ohio University Press, 1998). She joined the history department at UWC in 1995, teaching 20th century African history as well as postgraduate courses on gender and visual history. She co-edited Deep hiStories: Gender & Colonialism in Southern Africa (Rodopi, 2002) with UWC colleagues Gary Minkley and Wendy Woodward. She was chair of the history department in 2006–07, and national convenor of the NRF Rating Panel for History in 2011–12. She has held visiting fellowships at Columbia University (1993), Emory University (2001), University of Michigan (Eisenberg Institute for Historical Studies 2005), Cambridge University (Smuts Fellowship 2006), Calcutta Centre for Social Science Research (2008), Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi (2009), and the Internationales Kolleg Morphomata at the University of Cologne (2011 and 2013). Hayes is one of the convenors of the Seminar in Contemporary History and Humanities, co-hosted by the history department and the Centre for Humanities Research. She was seconded to the CHR in 2016 when appointed to the SARChI Chair in Visual History & Theory.
Dr. Hayes is in residence with ICGC October through December 2018.
Highman , Kate
Kate Highman recently completed an Andrew W. Mellon postdoctoral fellowship at the Centre for Humanities Research (CHR), University of the Western Cape (UWC), on 'The Disciplinary Forces of English Literature: Aesthetic Education at Historically Black Universities'. This formed part of a larger research project on the history and politics of English literature as a university discipline in South Africa that she is continuing to work on while a visiting scholar at the Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Global Change. Prior to joining the CHR she was a postdoctoral research fellow in the UWC English Department, working on debates about plagiarism, copyright and cultural ownership in South African letters. This research built on her doctoral thesis, 'Forging a New South Africa: Plagiarism and the National Imaginary', completed at the University of York (UK). In 2018 she will begin work on a collaborative project on ‘Writers’ Organisations and Free Expression’, as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford.
Visiting Term: Fall 2017
I was born in District Six, Cape Town and grew up on the Cape Flats in the 1970s. My formative journey to adulthood is contained in this historical frame – the triumphant years of Grand Apartheid, the destruction of black urban neighbourhoods, the bannings and repression and the rise of a radical new generation in 1976.
For me, the critique of inequality under Apartheid took a decidedly cultural one – being frogmarched to the segregated Nico Malan Theatre Centre (now Artscape) as a primary school child brought home to me the possibility of acting against cultural apartheid. In my extended family constellation one finds a cast of farmworkers, factory workers, and teachers. As a young boy, I realised I had a singular talent for reading, writing, and music – and kept vivid memories of the sights, sounds and characters as the cosmopolitan life in District gave way to monoculture dormitory townships in Bontheheuwel, Parkwood, and Hanover Park.
I became part of the radicalised youth of the Cape Flats, quickly finding a political angle to my musical longings, and discovering black South African urban music – jazz, soul, mbaqanga, carnival - and its insistence on securing a place for all South Africans in its cities – something Apartheid would deny.
I became a young university student, musician and member of cultural movements during the 1970s and 1980s. I encountered absences and continuities and a world of creative possibilities through reading and through listening to music and through gradually rejecting the SABC’s attempts to mould my auditory landscape – sometimes against the grain of my own poorly formed aesthetic and audible sensibility. Other absences were triggered –notably that of jazz in the vernacular idiom as my young ears attuned to an aesthetic sensibility that lay beyond the black American music to which I aspired as a teenager. I started to realise this in an aesthetically loaded gesture even at the tender age.
I started a lifelong lesson in the enabling possibilities that came into play when vernacular sensibility was given expression in a creative encounter with new global cultural expression. Crucially, the question would grow into a concern with the vernacular as a category of agency from which people could assert by vocalising and visualising – seeking an integration of the everyday and the extraordinary, the vernacular and the festive/ carnivalesque.
I completed an MA Thesis on the history of jazz and dance band music in postwar South Africa – in the process combining political economy and cultural critique.
It should come as no surprise, then, that I ended up working as a Sound Archivist at the District Six Museum, a harbinger of a new museum practice, pro poor in its orientation, throwing away the museum ‘textbook’ and conceiving of the museum as a place of community development, advocating for land restitution and social justice in Cape Town. I spent a decade developing a dialogue with colleagues and scholars in a new Museum practice that would revitalise the notion of the museum – at a time when the turn towards the ‘living museum’, it turned out, was a global one and not confined to the new South Africa.
In fact, this search for a new relevance affects every cultural institution. In the late 2000s, I worked for a major national arts festival where an analogous set of challenges came to the fore – this time about a relevant festival practice that could transcend the limitations of race that all institutions inherit from the recent past. It is a question which bedevils debates about institutional transformation, but it is at the heart of the question of the post apartheid – how to transcend apartheid at a fine grain, working not with grand narratives, but with everyday practice building institutions of public culture?
Visiting Term: Fall 2017
Maduma , Thozama
Thozama Maduma is a Senior Lecturer at the Centre for Humanities Research (CHR) at the University of the Western Cape. She holds a PhD, MA, and B.A. Honors - all in History from the UWC. She writes on Women and Feminist Historiography with a dissertation titled ‘Theorising Women: The life of Charlotte Maxeke’. She is currently working on the broad historiography of colonialism in the Eastern Cape and on de-colonial and nationalist thought.She has worked and taught in various educational institutes in South Africa. She has published two books and presented at many conferences and seminars around her work. Most recently she was moderator of a conference at the annual ICGC/CHR/Fort Hare Winter School in South Africa.
Visiting Term: Fall 2017
Emma Smith Minkley is a South African artist and scholar, and currently holds an Early Career Doctoral Fellowship at the Centre for Humanities Research (CHR) at the University of the Western Cape, Cape Town. Minkley has a background in visual art, and completed her M.Tech Degree in Fine Arts at Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth in 2015. She is interested in the connections that can be made when history relocates itself within the realm of art, and conversely, when art takes on history as its medium. Her current project is focussed on the hand as it appears variously in the production, performance and reception of puppetry; taking the archive of the Handspring Puppet Company as the crux or medium of study. The project is both a theoretical and practical inquiry encompassing archive, art and text. Minkley’s broader research interests include art (particularly drawing), play, gesture and subject/object relations.
Emma is in residence at ICGC from February through May 2019.
Visiting Scholar from the University of the Western Cape
Therona is a Ph.D. Fellow at the University of Fort Hare (South Africa). She is exploring the concept of the disorderly woman in Indian cinema. She holds a Masters from the University of Minnesota. Her undergraduate degree was completed at the University of Natal (South Africa) with majors in English and Drama. She was also a lecturer in the Department of English at the University of South Africa where she developed courses on visual culture and film.
Mpofu , Siphokazi
Ryan Nefdt completed his Ph.D. at the joint program in philosophy at the Universities of St. Andrews and Stirling in the UK. There, he was a member of the Arché Research Centre for the study of Logic, Language and Epistemology.
His research interests lie at the intersection of the philosophy of language, science, and theoretical linguistics. He is also interested in issues of linguistic injustice, as well as the philosophy of race and African philosophy more generally.
He has previously studied at the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation at the University of Amsterdam, the department of philosophy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and the department of philosophy at the University of Cape Town. He has also conducted research at Yale University, the University of Texas at Austin, and the University of Leeds.
Ryan is in residence with ICGC November 2018–January 2019.
Nwafor , Okechukwu
Okechukwu is a PhD student at the Department of History and PSHA Doctoral fellow at the Centre for Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa. He holds BA (Fine and Applied Arts) of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka and MFA (Fine Arts) of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria. He studied Post graduate Diploma in Museum and Heritage Studies in the Department of History and Centre for Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape, graduating in Cum Laude. He has been an active member of the Pan African Circle of Artists since 2000. He has participated in both the Insaka International Artists Workshop in Zambia and The Politics of Culture Workshop in Graz, Austria. He is presently engaged with the archival and ethnographic research of the Visual Culture of Lagos with major concentration on the intersections of popular photography and the practice of what is known as aso ebi in urban Lagos and how this practice has given impetus to the dress culture of the city and also the emergence of what is known as ‘fashion’ magazines in Lagos. He has also written a number of essays on the Visual Arts of Nigeria.
Pillay , Suren
Miranda Pillay is senior lecturer in New Testament Studies and Ethics at the University of the Western Cape.
She is also the coordinator of the UWC Chapter of Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians.The Circle (as it is known) encourages women of faith to write about their lived-experiences and to seek alternative ways of interpreting their faiths, Scriptures and cultures – that are liberative to women and men.
Pinto de Almeida, Fernanda
Rassool , Ciraj
Ciraj Rassool directs UWC’s African Programme in Museum and Heritage Studies, managed in partnership with Robben Island Museum. He is a trustee and of the District Six Museum and the South African History Archive. He is also a councillor of Iziko Museums of Cape Town and previously served on the councils of the South African Heritage Resources Agency (SAHRA) and the National Heritage Council. He has been a member of the Archaeology, Palaeontology, Meteorites, Heritage Objects and Burial Sites Permit Committee of SAHRA, and also serves on its Artworks Advisory Panel. Most recently he was appointed to the Human Remains Repatriation Advisory Committee of the Department of Arts and Culture.
He has written widely on public history, visual history and resistance historiography and has published in the Journal of African History, the Journal of Southern African Studies, Cahiers d’etudes Africaines, African Studies, South African Review of Sociology and Kronos: Southern African Histories.
Michelle Smith is currently Convener of International Partnerships at the Centre for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape. She is concurrently a doctoral candidate in History at the University of Fort Hare. Her work is located in museum studies and public history, with a focus on visuality and race. Reflecting on the processes of transformation prescribed for museums and the intersection of these with the field of the visual within the South African public, her dissertation examines, with the museum as an interface, the relationship between the visual and history. In this regard, a particular focus area has been how the apartheid past becomes history within the Red Location Museum, South End Museum and the East London Museum spaces through exhibition. Simultaneously, her study is attempting to discern the complex relations of power and knowledge that are at work in the continuous exchanges, negotiations and reconfigurations of what public history is now, particularly how this manifests in the museum. She has published a paper in Kronos: Journal of Cape History, titled 'Interment: The Frame of the Red Location Museum (2006-2013)' in Kronos 42 (2016).
Kristy Stone is a PhD candidate in History and A.W. Mellon Fellow at the Centre of Humanities Research (CHR) at the University of the Western Cape. Her funding platform is the Re-centring AfroAsia Project: Musical and Human Migrations in the Pre-Colonial Period.
Her PhD research focuses on four objects of power (objects classified as charms, talismans or amulets) in the Iziko Social History Archives and Western Cape Archives. In writing object histories, she pays particular attention to moments where they depart from typical object behaviour. Although the objects she studies may come from different geographic locations and historical times, they all share a tendency to disrupt subject-object binaries and provoke questions of object agency. She engages the ontological turns of New Animism and New Materialism and the Radical Black Aesthetic in order to consider how these objects point to other ways of knowing and being in the world. Acknowledging the limits of evidence based research, particularly in colonial collections, she use art-making as a method to disorder, experiment and creatively rework the archives.
Kristy has a background in Fine Art (BA Hons.) and Education and Heritage Studies (MA) from the University of the Witwatersrand. She worked in museum education for several years and continues run arts based teacher training through Assitej South Africa. In 2018 she was a contributing author for a new arts textbook funded by the Department of Education which will be distributed to primary schools nationally.
Creative collaborations 2017-2018:
A map of suffering (Part 1 and Part 2) based on an oratorio script written by Professor Ari Sitas (UCT). Musical score by Reza Khota (CHR Artist-in-Residence) and Shane Cooper and animation by Kristy Stone. http://www.chrflagship.uwc.ac.za/portfolio/a-map-of-suffering/
Ife and Bilal a live art and musical production performed at the AfroAsia Conference in Johannesburg and at Theatre Arts Admin Collective in Cape Town (2018). The artists drew inspiration from Islamic art and science traditions from 800-1000 AD in order to imagine a non-representational aesthetics in the present. The artworks followed a process of co-creating with the material aspects of water, sound, metal and light.
Kristy is in residence at ICGC from February through May 2019.
Ross Truscott currently holds an appointment as a Next Generation Scholar at the Centre for Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape. His research is grounded in critical social theory and psychoanalysis. He has published on the relationship between social institutions and psychic life, on art and popular culture in the wake of apartheid, and the history of psychoanalysis. The book manuscript Ross is in the process of bringing to a close offers a critique of the discourse of empathy - tracing the history and the structure of the injunction to empathise, The Order of Empathy is most interested in the work of those who have critically reoriented conceptions of cosmopolitanism from the global south. His new research project looks at the history of the postal system in colonial government and its points of correspondence with Enlightenment philosophy. Ross is a co-editor of Remains of the Social: Desiring the Postapartheid (Wits University Press, 2017), an associate editor of the journal, Psychology in Society, an editor of Kronos: Southern African Histories, on the editorial board of Social Dynamics: A Journal of African Studies, and the international advisory board of Psychoanalysis, Culture and Society.
van Bever Donker, Maurits
Maurits van Bever Donker’s current book project is titled Texturing Difference: Black Consciousness Philosophy and the Script of Man. He reads black consciousness as constituting a philosophical intervention that draws on and re-works the projects of figures such as Frantz Fanon and Aimé Césaire, so as to set to work on the limit of the philosophical and political constructions of man that order the world after Europe. Other current research projects include a book project on the concept of desire as this structures the post-apartheid, in conjunction with Ross Truscott and Premesh Lalu, as well as work on contemplation as a practice unfolding at the rough edge of what Deleuze calls “de-territorialisation”. More broadly van Bever Donker works at the intersection of postcolonial theory, critical theory, political theory and literature.
Van der Rede, Lauren
Lauren Van Der Rede has grown up in beautiful Cape Town, South Africa, where she has also had the privilege of studying at the University of the Western Cape (UWC). She is currently based in the English Department of UWC and the Centre for Humanities Research (UWC), where she is an A.W. Mellon Fellow. With a focus on Africa, she studies the relationship between violence, psychoanalysis, trauma and the literary. Her Master’s thesis examined representations of the African child in select contemporary films, arguing that the African child is often represented as a liminal, ambiguous, and often paradoxical figure, through which the selected films are able to, at least to some extent, transcend Afropessimism. For the purposes of her Doctoral research project she is looking at select instances of genocide and genocidal violence in Africa, their post-traumatic effects and their literary representations, in the hope of contributing to psychoanalytic theory through the development of a new concept.
van Laun, Bianca
Bianca van Laun completed her Bachelor of Arts at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), Cape Town, in 2008 which she graduated Suma Cum Laude. She then went on to do her Honours degree in History (UWC) for which she investigated the role of the youth in the Rwandan genocide in 1994 and argued for a reassessment of the use of the concept youth especially in terms of those involved in violence. She graduated Cum Laude. Bianca completed her Masters thesis in History at UWC in 2012. The project dealt with questions of violence and historiography in relation to a Poqo uprising in the town of Paarl, South Africa, in 1962. Bianca published an article titled “Of bodies captured: the visual representation of the Paarl march and Poqo in apartheid South Africa” in Social Dynamics journal, March 2014. Bianca is currently registered as a doctoral candidate at the UWC. Her thesis is interested in the bureaucratic apparatus surrounding the application of capital punishment in South Africa particularly during the 1960s. She is also a lecturer in the history department at the University of the Western Cape.
Van Wyk , Stewart
Weintroub Hooper , Jill
Wiseman Nombila, Ayanda
Ayanda Wiseman Nombila works in the field of African Intellectual History. He is a lecturer of the Centre For Humanities Research and teaches Political Thought in Africa in the Political Studies Department, at the University of Western Cape. His PhD thesis is focusing on “The Intellectual History of African Debates at Codesria.” This thesis is a project that looks at postcolonial debates produced from within a pan-African institution, established in 1973 by a particular generation of intellectuals born during the near end of the colonial period. What does it mean to be postcolonial independent subjects? This is their major question, the thesis shows. He has also published a paper on the Journal of African Union Studies, on the early pan-Africanist thinking of Dr Silas Modiri Molema. A paper titled “Reading the Idea of Nation, Pan-Africanism and Globalization in the Thought of Dr. Silas Modiri Molema”, where he argued that at the center of this early pan-Africanist thinking in Africa was the question of what it means to be "modern in Africa."
Leslie Witz was the ICGC Mellon Research Chair in residence in 2014. He is a professor in the History Department at the University of the Western Cape in Cape Town, South Africa. His major research centres around how different histories are created and represented in the public domain through memorials, museums and festivals and tourism. He has published extensively in all these fields. His book, Apartheid’s Festival: Contesting South Africa’s National Pasts, (Indiana University Press, 2003) examines how white settler pasts were produced, sustained and opposed in the second half of the twentieth century. His most recent book, co-authored with Noëleen Murray, Hostels, homes, museum: Memorialsing migrant labour pasts in Lwandle, South Africa (UCT Press, 2014) tracks museum making in a community that was meant to be invisible labour compound under apartheid. The book explores how, through employing strategies of orality and visuality, and by rehabilitating a migrant labour hostel, community histories were made by the museum in Lwandle. He has also written two books for popular audiences: Write Your Own History (1988) and How to Write Essays, (1990). At undergraduate level Leslie teaches the first year course on precolonial African history. He teaches at postgraduate level on issues in museum and heritage studies and public history and tourism. Leslie is the chair of the Board of the Lwandle Migrant Labour Museum and is on the board of the Human Rights Media Centre. He is presently working on a book on how the category of history has changed in selected South African museums. Over the years Leslie has worked closely with colleagues from UWC and the University of Fort Hare, Ciraj Rassool and Gary Minkley, and they are publishing a book that reflects on public history in South Africa since the 1990s. With Jung Ran Forte and Paolo Israel he is also bringing out a collection of papers from the South African Contemporary History and Humanities Seminar at the University of the Western Cape entitled Out of History.
Zinyengere , Nokuthula
Nokuthula D Zinyengere Is a Doctoral fellow at the Centre for Humanities Research of the University of the Western Cape, History department. Her current academic interests focus on photographic portraiture and family histories. She is interested in how photographs offer new narratives of history that are different from conventional forms of historical reconstruction. She earned a Post Graduate Diploma in Museum and heritage studies at the University of the Western Cape a Bachelors in Fine Arts and a Masters in Heritage at the University of Witwatersrand.
Nokuthula is in residence at ICGC from February through May 2019.
UMN to UWC
Larasati, Rachmi Diyah
Mellon Research Chair
Professor Pohlandt-McCormick served as the Mellon Research Chair from the University of Minnesota in our partnership with the Centre for Humanities Research at University of the Western Cape from 2013-14. As Research Chair, she worked to advance collaborative research activities across the two centers. Her research interests include: South African history; African & comparative women’s history; memory, oral history, life histories/autobiography; methodology; post-colonial theory; pre-colonial Africa; and the history of exile.